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A Genesis 3:15 Excursus: The Woman's Chosen Offspring and Israel's Promised King (Part 3)

December 10, 2014 Speaker: Adam Olean

Scripture: Genesis 3:15, Psalms 89:1-52

In this lesson, we conclude our study on how the woman's chosen offspring (in Gen 3:15) relates to Israel's promised king and the founding of the Davidic dynasty. The final text that we consider is Psalm 89, in which, as the Davidic king and the Davidic kingdom suffer humiliation and defeat at the hands of their enemies, Ethan the Ezrahite laments and cries out to God that he would remember his steadfast love and covenantal faithfulness to David. This Psalm is vitally important for understanding the Davidic Covenant, the language of sonship (e.g., "son", "firstborn", "anointed", etc.), and for understanding how David and his offspring--although they had briefly tasted the firstfruits of God's blessings and promises--fell far short of the ideal that the Israelites had hoped for. This disappointment lead only to growing expectations, with the help of Moses and the prophets, of a greater David and a greater Son who would live and reign forever.

For further study on Jesus Christ's relation to the Davidic kingship, covenant, and promises, D. A. Carson's lectures on the book of Hebrews from the "TEDS Lecture Series" are most helpful, especially substantial portions of parts 1 & 2 and later portions that discuss Christ's priesthood after the order of Melchizedek. These lectures may be found